What causes Infertility?

The cause of infertility may be difficult to determine in all cases, but certain factors can be ascertained. Infertility may be caused by many factors including problems with egg or sperm production, genetic factors, age, or too much exposure to certain chemicals and toxins. Tubal blockage, hormone imbalances, problems in ovulation, problems in semen are among the leading causes. 

When hormone disorders are present, problems with ovulation can occur. Too much thyroid hormone or too little thyroid hormone can interfere with the menstrual cycle and cause infertility.

Fallopian tube damage can occur from prior surgery and/or pelvic infections. Diminished ovarian reserve, premature menopause or primary ovarian insufficiency changes in egg quality or quantity can affect fertility. Low sperm count or abnormal sperm function may be the cause of infertility in men.

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