Instruments in Operation Theatre

Instruments Commonly Used in Operation theatre

Surgical instruments in operation theatre vary according to the type of surgery. They are grouped into different specialties according to the surgeon’s need. Some of the commonly uses instruments in operation theatre are:

  1. Artery Forceps
    They are 2 types of artery
    Curved artery forceps (6 per set)
    Straight artery forceps (6 per set)

Curved artery


surgical tools used to control bleeding by clamping and holding blood vessels so cauterization or ligation can be performed
Curved artery – 6 per set

Straight artery


Artery forceps are most common instruments in operation theatre used to grasp vessels, tissue, and sutures during surgical procedures. Press the artery and hold it out of the way, or clamp and seal blood vessels.
Straight artery – 6 per set

Allis forceps


The Allis clamp is a surgical instrument with sharp teeth, used to hold or grasp heavy tissue. Sizes are long, medium and short.

Sponge holder
Sponge Holder used for holding swabs when preparing a patient for surgery or used to grip and manipulate cervical tissue during gynaecological procedures
2 per set

Needle holder


 Used to hold a suturing needle during surgical procedures. There are 2 types of needle holder- long and small
2 per set

Scissor


The scissor is used to cut thick tissues such as those found in the uterus, muscles, breast, and foot. Scissors used for dissection are placed in tissue with the tips closed.
There are 2 types of scissor : curved (2 per set) and straight (2 per set )

Cord clamp long artery


The clamp helps stop bleeding from the blood vessels in the umbilical cord.
2 per set

Towel clip


A towel clamp is a surgical instrument which is used to secure towels and surgical draping during a medical procedure
6 per set

Kidney tray


A kidney tray is a shallow kidney shaped basin, widely used in surgical procedures for carrying dressing, bandages, small instruments, soiled dressing and other medical waste
2 per set

Retractor


Retractors are used to hold an incision open, hold back tissues or other objects to maintain a clear surgical field, or reach other structures
2 per set

Bulb sucker


A bulb syringe is used to remove mucus from baby’s mouth or nose
2 per set

Non toothed forceps


Non-Toothed Forceps, used for fine surgical procedures to hold delicate or superficial tissues. Also used to tie sutures at the end of the procedure and hold dressings
1 per set

Toothed forceps
Used for handling dense tissue, such as in skin closures. Also called locking forceps, these are ratcheted instruments used to hold tissue or objects, or provide hemostasis
1 per set

Sims speculum


Sims’ speculum is inserted into the vagina to retract posterior vaginal wall.
1 per set

Vulsellum


Vulsellum forceps, these are used to grasp the cervical lips to visualise the cervix or during vaginal hysterectomy. They can also be used to grasp a fibroid polyp. They have a pelvic curve

Mosquito forceps


Mosquito Forceps are hemostatic forceps designed for controlling bleeding and handling blood vessels during surgery. There are 2 types: straight and curved

Babcocks forceps


They are frequently used with intestinal and laparotomy procedures. Babcock Forceps are similar to Allis forceps. However, they may be considered less traumatic due to their wider, rounded grasping surface.
2 per set

Common instrument
B.P handle


This is a reusable flat handle intended for combined use with surgical blades of varying shapes and sizes

Mopping pad


Pad is broadly used to eliminate the bacterial attack during surgical process.

Bowl


Round lotion bowls helps to manage little amount of used sponges and gauze with saline or betadine for the procedure

Towel
Sterile drape used to cover the body while surgery is being performed

Gauze


Used as a medical dressing, gauze is generally made of cotton. It is especially useful for dressing wounds where other fabrics might stick to the burn or laceration

Apron


Aprons over gowns as an additional measure to provide protection from contamination of garments during aerosol generating procedures

Dilation and curettage tray  
Sims speculum 1
Sponge holder 1
Dilator 6
Long allis 1
Curette 2
Uterine sound 1
Bowl 1
Towel 2
Vulsellum 1

Cervical stitch tray
Sims speculum 2
Sponge holder 3
Bowl 1
Long needle holder 1
Medium straight artery 1
Medium curved artery 1
Straight scissor 1

Hysterectomy tray set
Long Allis Tissue Forceps 4
Small Allis forceps 4
Sponge holder 2
Straight artery 6
Curved artery 6
Retractor 2
Toothed forceps 1
Needle holder 2
B.P. handle 2

Hysterectomy tray set


Towel clip 6
Kidney tray 2
Bowl 2
Curved scissor 2
Straight scissor 2
 Heaney Clam 12
 Heaney Clamps 8

Egg collection tray
Sponge holder
Sims speculum
Vulsellum
Gauze
Egg collection Needle
Scan machine with
vaginal probe
Probe needle
Collection tube
Suction pump
EC pack

Embryo transfer
Sponge holder
Gauze
Bowl with saline
Sound
Vulsellum
ET pack
Speculum

 Instruments used in cesarean section tray

  1. ARTERY FORCEPS
    They are 2 types of artery
    Curved artery forceps (6 per set)
    Straight artery forceps (6 per set)

Curved artery
surgical tools used to control bleeding by clamping and holding blood vessels so cauterization or ligation can be performed
Curved artery – 6 per set

Straight artery
Artery forceps are used to grasp vessels, tissue, and sutures during surgical procedures. Press the artery and hold it out of the way, or clamp and seal blood vessels.
Straight artery – 6 per set

Allis forceps
The Allis clamp is a surgical instrument with sharp teeth, used to hold or grasp heavy tissue. Sizes are long, medium and short.

Sponge holder
Sponge Holder used for holding swabs when preparing a patient for surgery or used to grip and manipulate cervical tissue during gynaecological procedures
2 per set

Needle holder
 These are essential instruments in operation theatre for any type of surgery. Used to hold a suturing needle during surgical procedures. There are 2 types of needle holder- long and small
2 per set

Scissor
The scissor is used to cut thick tissues such as those found in the uterus, muscles, breast, and foot. Scissors used for dissection are placed in tissue with the tips closed.
There are 2 types of scissor : curved (2 per set) and straight (2 per set )

Cord clamp long artery
The clamp helps stop bleeding from the blood vessels in the umbilical cord.
2 per set

Towel clip
A towel clamp is a surgical instrument which is used to secure towels and surgical draping during a medical procedure
6 per set

Kidney tray
A kidney tray is a shallow kidney shaped basin, widely used in surgical procedures for carrying dressing, bandages, small instruments, soiled dressing and other medical waste
2 per set

Retractor
Retractors are used to hold an incision open, hold back tissues or other objects to maintain a clear surgical field, or reach other structures
2 per set

Bulb sucker
A bulb syringe is used to remove mucus from baby’s mouth or nose
2 per set

Non toothed forceps
Non-Toothed Forceps, used for fine surgical procedures to hold delicate or superficial tissues. Also used to tie sutures at the end of the procedure and hold dressings
1 per set

Toothed forceps
Used for handling dense tissue, such as in skin closures. Also called locking forceps, these are ratcheted instruments used to hold tissue or objects, or provide hemostasis
1 per set

Sims speculum
Sims’ speculum is inserted into the vagina to retract posterior vaginal wall.
1 per set

Vulsellum
Vulsellum forceps, these are used to grasp the cervical lips to visualise the cervix or during vaginal hysterectomy. They can also be used to grasp a fibroid polyp. They have a pelvic curve

Mosquito forceps
Mosquito Forceps are hemostatic forceps designed for controlling bleeding and handling blood vessels during surgery. There are 2 types: straight and curved

Babcocks forceps
They are frequently used with intestinal and laparotomy procedures. Babcock Forceps are similar to Allis forceps. However, they may be considered less traumatic due to their wider, rounded grasping surface.
2 per set

Common instrument
B.P handle
This is a reusable flat handle intended for combined use with surgical blades of varying shapes and sizes

Mopping pad
Pad is broadly used to eliminate the bacterial attack during surgical process.

Bowl
Round lotion bowls helps to manage little amount of used sponges and gauze with saline or betadine for the procedure

Towel
Sterile drape used to cover the body while surgery is being performed

Gauze
Used as a medical dressing, gauze is generally made of cotton. It is especially useful for dressing wounds where other fabrics might stick to the burn or laceration

Apron
Aprons over gowns as an additional measure to provide protection from contamination of garments during aerosol generating procedures

Dilation and curettage tray  
Sims speculum 1
Sponge holder 1
Dilator 6
Long allis 1
Curette 2
Uterine sound 1
Bowl 1
Towel 2
Vulsellum 1

Cervical stitch tray
Sims speculum 2
Sponge holder 3
Bowl 1
Long needle holder 1
Medium straight artery 1
Medium curved artery 1
Straight scissor 1

Hysterectomy tray set
Long Allis Tissue Forceps 4
Small Allis forceps 4
Sponge holder 2
Straight artery 6
Curved artery 6
Retractor 2
Toothed forceps 1
Needle holder 2
B.P. handle 2

Hysterectomy tray set
Towel clip 6
Kidney tray 2
Bowl 2
Curved scissor 2
Straight scissor 2
 Heaney Clam 12
 Heaney Clampsps 8

Egg collection tray
Sponge holder
Sims speculum
Vulsellum
Gauze
Egg collection Needle
Scan machine with
vaginal probe
Probe needle
Collection tube
Suction pump
EC pack

Embryo transfer
Sponge holder
Gauze
Bowl with saline
Sound
Vulsellum
ET pack
Speculum

Instruments in operation theatre
Instruments in operation theatre

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